This is the first of my "Song of the Week" series!
The "song of the week" is a tutorial on a progressive tune every Friday. For example, this could mean Alan Munde, Bela Fleck, Noam Pikelny, Tim O'Brien, David Grier and Tony Trischka songs or solos, but the spectrum is wide open(as long as it's progressive bluegrass)...and I take requests! If you'd like a song to be covered and played, please leave a comment.
I've started the "SOTW" for a couple reasons:
- I get to help curious and creative banjo players learn some awesome tunes, and become better players.
- It gives me incentive to learn and practice songs and become a better player.
Please leave a comment if you'd like a song to be covered, and don't forget to subscribe to me on YouTube and sign up for my mailing list below the vid!
Playing with other musicians is a great way to improve on any instrument. Here are 10 reasons why you should make jamming a priority and part of your practice.
You practice listening
When you play with a group, there are several different things you can practice listening to. Sometimes it can be really fun to listen to yourself, but it's incredibly important to develop your ears so you can listen to several things at one time. Jamming forces you to open your ears enough to at least hear the beat and play in tempo with other people. That's the first basic step. Then you can actively pay attention to other things in order to develop your listening skills.
Here's some things to listen to:
- Your "inner ear" (melodies or chords you want to play)
- any of the other instruments
- different rhythms
It makes you a better improviser
In a jam setting, you'll hear melodies that you've never heard before, and you'll probably hear them several times in one night. The cool thing about improvisational music such as bluegrass or jazz is that there is a common vocabulary. All of us banjo players have studied Earl Scruggs, so we're going to play a lot of similar stuff if we're playing straight forward bluegrass. It may be played with a different touch or intention, but the essential vocabulary will still be present.
As you get familiar with the different songs played at jam sessions, you'll notice the many commonalities between them, and you'll begin to intuitively mix and match some of the vocabulary. An Earl lick in Worried Man Blues may work great in Foggy Mountain Breakdown!
The more that you actively listen to what other people are playing, the more you will learn about what you like/dislike, and the more prepared you'll be for creating your own vocabulary, and ultimately forging your voice as an artist and improvisor.
It helps you see and choose what you need to work on
I like to use jam sessions as a time for me to play, have a really great time, but also make mental notes of things I need to work on. It's often very eye opening to play with people. As you have probably noticed, you play different in front of your teacher than you do by yourself, or in a jam, or on stage.
Taking note of what feels funny in a jam setting helps prepare you for a more important setting, such as a performance.
It helps you become a better performer
Getting comfortable playing in front of people at a jam is a great way to prepare yourself for performing on stage. There is less pressure, and you can imagine yourself playing a live performance easier than just practicing in front of a mirror or no one.
You learn jam etiquette/vocabulary
There's a unique etiquette that goes along with the jam territory. It differs now and then, depending on the jam, but for the most part it's the same. For example, everyone gets a chance to pick a song to play. You're not obligated to do so, but the opportunity is there. Also, you'll be able to watch people as they lead songs.
Do they communicate when it's time for a solo, or time for the chorus? What do they do? Nod their head? Say something?
Musicians speak to communicate different song forms or chords to each other using standard vocabulary such as "A section" or "verse" or "chorus". It's beneficial to start hearing these words and associating them with the songs you are playing, so you can be a better song leader when it's your turn.
You learn songs and tunes
There are going to be musicians at the session that you don't know, and they are going to have their own set of songs they enjoy playing. By merely listening and figuring out the chords, you're developing the foundation of learning songs on the fly faster.
If you really like a specific song someone plays, don't be afraid to ask the name of it. Learn it and ask to start it at the next jam.
Some people will actually record songs that they like, so they can learn them later. This, and making a list of songs to learn, are both great things to do. The more songs and tunes you know, the more fun you'll have, and you can more readily practice improvisation over them.
You meet other musicians
There is bound to be another musician or two right at your skill level at pretty much any jam session. They probably have similar questions and a similar repertoire to you, and are just as eager to learn. Making friends with others at your level is fantastic for many reasons, but one being because there can be a friendly competitiveness that can drive you to learn things quicker and better. You want to keep up with your friends, and they want to keep up with you.
It challenges you
Jamming gets you out of your comfort zone in many ways. Playing in front of people, improvising, playing on songs you don't know, etc. It's all great, and it's totally fine if you don't sound good. Generally people don't care. If you are fun to hang out with, don't have an ego, and you are looking to learn, the more experienced musicians will usually share their knowledge.
Remember that you are there to learn, and be challenged, and if you don't sound good, there will always be another jam session for you to practice at.
You get to test out what you've been practicing
Let loose and take chances. You are not performing. You're at the session to have fun, learn, and try things out. When it's your turn to pick a song, choose one you are working on and take the lead on it. Take mental notes of what went well, and what didn't, and be sure to practice them after the session :).
It positively reinforces your practice
Playing music is fun by yourself, but it is so much more fun when you are interacting with one or more people. By enjoying music, and by enjoying what you are playing, you are positively reinforcing the fact that you play music. You're having fun, which is due to all of those "hard" hours of practice you've put in.
Practice is essential because it allows you to relax, let your creative energies flow, and have a great time when playing with others.
Do you have any reasons to add to the list? I'd love to hear it in the comment section below!
Also, if you liked this post, share it with your friends! I want to help as many musicians as I can, and with your help, we can succeed in doing so.
Above all else, transcribing music is the best thing you can do to improve. This is true for any type of musician in any genre, but especially important for those interested in improvisation. There is absolutely no way for you to be able to truly improvise unless you've transcribed.
Note: The word "transcribe" as used in this post means to listen to and learn, as opposed to reading and learning. Sorry for any confusion.
Why is transcription such a big deal?
You learn vocabulary, technique, rhythm, theory, and most importantly, you get to examine and hear a musician at a level that just can't be acheived by using standard notation or tablature. I'll get into that in a bit, but first let me explain the other benefits.
You can directly equate learning music to learning a language, and I’m sure you’ve heard people compare the two. Say you’re learning Italian. If you needed to learn Italian as fast as possible, what would you do? Buy a book, or buy a ticket to Italy?
When you are in another country learning a language, you’re forced to listen intently to what people are saying to pick up the dialect, vocabulary, and tense of the phrases and words. You also pick up gestures and slang unique to particular regions. This can be compared to going to a jam session or concert. As your listening develops, you’ll actually hear a common vocabulary among players. You’ll hear how they construct their phrases, and how they communicate via their instrument. Just like in speaking, every musician has their own unique tone, volume, phrasing, and ideas.
Also, when at a performance or jam, all of your senses can be engaged - and this is huge. Playing music is an experience, and when you are engaged in the process of transcription, or even just listening for that matter, you are living the music, and that is so important for connecting the dots of how to play an instrument at a high level.
The fastest way to learn anything is by the process of immersion. That is how the best musicians get so damn good at what they do. They’ve spent a whole lot of time with music in their ears - in bars, at jam sessions, with friends, and listening to records.
Technique is tied into vocabulary, but is a more physical experience than mental. When you’re working on your physicality as a musician, what you do with your hands absolutely needs to correspond with what you are hearing in your head. As you transcribe a piece of music, you’re hearing notes from the recording and figuring out different ways to play them on your instrument. If a passage is difficult because of rhythm, or speed, you need improvement in that area of your playing. Transcription allows you to simultaneously enhance your technical chops while improving upon your vocabulary.
When I teach transcription, I tell my students to first transcribe the song or lick they’re interested in, then play along with the recording. This will install aspects of the phrase in your playing, and will improve your ability to hear and improvise in time.
Try to “lock in” as best you can, and if you can’t play a particular passage up to speed, take time to work it up. Playing along with the recording is so crucial to learning because you’ll learn how a certain musician phrases and places the notes in time, and learn how to execute complicated rhythms by learning how a musician phrases, as opposed to learning rhythm with a book. You may notice that some musicians will play behind the beat, and some will play before it. Their phrasing may be choppy and rhythmic, or they might play longer and smoother melodies.
Noticing and analyzing what a particular musician is doing is great as you listen to the music and reflect on it, but transcribing and playing along is the kind of practice that will show you real improvement.
A great way to learn theory is to listen to music, figure out what a soloist is doing, write it down, and analyze. You’ll learn so much more that simply reading about stuff out of a theory book because you’ll hear the solo in context. Where did the soloist place those notes? Why am I attracted to the solo? What is the relationship between the chords and notes being played?
After asking any of these questions, you can investigate the answers in a theory book or ask a teacher, and you can start to utilize some of what you’ve learned in different keys. It’s great to learn a solo, then practice playing it in all 12 keys. You’ll truly master that solo, and you’ll have a whole new appreciation and understanding of what is going on in keys you don’t normally play in.
Transcription allows you to put a musician’s playing under the microscope so you can learn about his or her’s style and vocabulary. But ultimately you get to know the musician at a level which is inaccessible using tab or sheet music.
Sheet music/tab learning = eye based learning
Transcription = ear based learning
Which do you think is better for learning music?
For me, to transcribe is to step into the musician’s shoes and feel and hear what he or she is communicating or feeling. I feel like I'm getting more intimate with the musician every time I hear or play a solo I’ve learned, and I feel like I'm gaining a deeper understanding of what that particular style of music means to me.
The reason I believe this is because to become a great musician, you need to transcribe, which means listening to single recordings hundreds of times. Each time you listen to that individual recording, you’re picking up something from it. You may not be conscious of it, but your mind is getting better at "hearing between the lines”.
It allows you to hear stylistic nuances which are impossible to identify when learning from a source other than the recording. This is HUGE! These nuances, which can be pretty much anything depending on the recording, combined with other solos you’ve learned, will shape your unique voice. This quote pretty much sums it up - “God is in the details.”
So put down your sheet music or tab, go to your computer, tape player, turn table, etc., and just transcribe. There may be resistance, but once you start, it’ll feel great, and you’ll be a better musician for it. Set goals for yourself, and follow through. It’s important to make transcription a priority in your practice routine. It usually takes a little longer than technical practice, so set aside a little bit extra time, and BE PATIENT. Good luck!
Share your transcription tips in the comment section below!
When I started learning, I didn't have anybody stress the importance of solid time, rhythm, and groove. I envied players that could come in perfectly on time and could play more complicated things than me.
They were more grounded "feel" players.
In my experience with teaching and listening to beginners and intermediates, rhythm and timing is something that gets overlooked more than technique, learning songs, etc., but feeling time at a deep level is probably the most important thing to work on as an improvising musician. It distinguishes the advanced level players from the intermediates. On another level, it separates the masters from the could-be musicians. That may be a little harsh, but the great part is that everyone can become a more rhythmic and groovy player - it just requires a little attention and patience.
If you listen to all of your favorite musicians, there's one thing they have in common - an impeccable groove.
It's definitely what makes me favor one musician more than another. Tony Rice and Bela Fleck are two of my absolute biggest influences and despite all of their amazing melodies and incredible technique, the way they place notes in time is the ultimate attraction.
I think one of the reasons time-feel, etc is overlooked is because it's an underlying element in the musician's playing.
We tend to listen to the notes more than anything else, which is obviously important, but try these 5 ways to better rhythmically ground your playing:
Shift your focus to the way in which the master musician shape the individual notes, phrases and solos. Listen objectively to where the melodies lie in relationship to the beat is placed by the rhythm section. This is a great way to start training your ears so you can develop your own rhythmic style.
A couple musicians really stick out to me in terms of the way they feel the time.
Jazz saxophonist Dexter Gordon lays way back on the beat, almost to the point of where it feels like it's dragging.
Jim Mills is a banjoist that exemplifies the sound of "drive", or playing on top of the beat. This creates a push-pull tension commonly heard in bluegrass solos. All of the master bluegrass musicians create drive in their solos to a more or lesser degree.
As I've said before in posts, listening to music is the number one way for you to improve. It's the way to activate certain connections in your mind to do with how you play, and it's the best way to study music.
Another thing you can do in your practice to improve how you feel the beat is work on subdividing the quarter note into eighth notes, eighth note triplets, sixteenth notes.
I've attached some incredibly useful exercises at the bottom of the page. These are some great warmups to do at the beginning of your practice session.
When you learn a song, practice playing it straight and swung with the metronome and solo. By doing this, your placing a different perspective on the way you're feeling the time, ultimately strengthening the way you feel both, preparing you for different playing situations, and it'll help you internalize the song you're working on in a deeper way.. It's also just a fun exercise that you can get a little goofy with :).
Start to think of yourself as the rock. Take on some of the responsibility of holding down the groove. You want to be the most supportive you can be for people you're playing with, so focus some of your practice efforts to becoming a better back up or rhythm section musician.
You'll see that your fellow players will love you for it :).
A good way to start doing this is to listen to master bass players and drummers, and imitate things that they do.
Hang out or take a lesson with a drummer.
Drummers listen and think about everything with a different perspective than the melodic based instruments, and it's so great to learn about music from their point of view. They'll probably want to learn from you as well.
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This list has some uncommon(but really important) reasons why you should SLOW DOWN when you practice. To expedite the process of becoming the master musician you want to be, you gotta take it easy. Enjoy!
1. You're Training Your Muscles and Mind to Work Together
The master musician has complete control over his/her instrument. Simply put, in their body the heart(emotions/feeling) is communicating with the mind(logic/motor control), which is communicating with the muscles to create music. If the mind is more developed than the muscles, you'll hear things and not be able play them clearly on your instrument. If the opposite is happening, your muscles will be controlling what you play, not your heart and mind, and you'll sound more mechanical than emotional. When you slow down your practice, you're allowing your mind and muscles to communicate at a rate that works for both of them. Ideally, you should be hearing things in your "inner ear", and your muscles should be effortlessly executing what you're hearing. Experiment with different tempos and chord progressions to see/feel what needs work. You can also record yourself to hear spots where your playing lacks effortlessness.
2. You'll Listen to Every Note
Banjo players are used to playing really fast, relying on set note patterns and licks to get through songs. A goal for me is to "hear" every note before I play it. Even on extremely fast tempos, I want to be able to "shape" each note based on how I hear it. Shaping notes is something saxophone players like Sonny Rollins, Dexter Gordan, and John Coltrane are masters at. Every note I play should be played with intention, and there should be absolutely no mindless or heartless playing. This is a goal I set for myself, and I urge you to consider it as well.
Slow things down and work on your awareness in a song. For banjo players, you could pick a standard banjo tune or singing song, play for only one minute(slowly), and completely concentrate on every note you're playing. This short period of time will allow you to give each note everything you've got. Mess around with other tempos and chord progressions. Yea, we banjo pickers play a lot of notes, but why can't all of them mean something and contribute to the sound and feeling of the song?
3. You Will Feel the Rhythm and Groove More Precisely
So many musicians overlook this in the crucial stages of their development. Having good time, rhythm, and groove is probably the most important part of becoming a great musician. You can have the coolest melodies, but if you don't groove or play them with rhythm, they'll sound awful. To practice rhythm slowly, I recommend practicing subdivisions of the beat - so setting the metronome slow(around 60 or 70), and clapping quarter notes, eighth notes, eighth note triplets, and sixteenth notes. Do this methodically until it feels easy to switch between the subdivisions. The more challenging transitions are from eighth notes to eighth note triplets, and from triplets to sixteenth, and back. Once you feel good about that, check out these two books - Rhythmic Training by Robert Starer and Polyrhythms by Ari Hoenig. To successfully and fully feel/internalize rhythm and groove when you are playing, you need to feel it in your body, and work up from a slow pace, so your mind and body can understand what's going on at a deep level.
4. You Can Focus on Your Breathing
Do you hold your breath when you play? This can hinder you from having flowing, rhythmic melodies. What you are playing is a completely genuine reflection of your body and consciousness, and if you have choppy breathing, chances are your playing is going to sound that way as well. Take time in your routine to see how you're breathing when playing a tune melody, when comping(playing back-up), and when you're improvising. You may be surprised after trying this. If you're gasping or making noises after phrases, you probably aren't breathing fluidly. If you want your playing to sound fluid, slow down and feel the air going in and out of your lungs. You'll notice it actually feels good to breathe :).
5. Memorization Comes Faster
Do you feel like you can never quite get the tune your learning under your fingers? Sometimes you feel like you're "BSing" the melody, and you're not sure why it's not coming out the way you want. Maybe you need to slow it down, and really let your body and mind catch up with each other. When you slow a song down and play it through, the troublesome spots are going to become obvious. Make a mental note of these spots, isolate, and slow them down even more, until they are easy to play. Make sure you aren't speeding up or slowing down at certain sections of the song. Patience, and respecting the groove is important to working up a song to a level where it flows and sounds good.
6. Building Speed is Easier
"Tension is the enemy of movement" - Eric Franklin. This is one of my favorite quotes, and it completely applies to learning an instrument. By slowing down your practice, you're allowing your muscles to form and get used to doing the movement required of them. As you gradually speed the tempo up, notice if there is any tension in your body. You may notice it in your hands, or it could be in your feet, or shoulders. Any tension in your body will affect how you play. Once you notice it, relax and mentally revisit that area while you practice to see if anything has changed.
7. You'll Develop Focus
This has to do with patience. See if you can play a song super slow, without getting impatient or distracted the entire time. If you can't, this is something to work on. Try to enjoy every note you play. Bathe in the sound that you're creating, and listen intently to what you're playing. Once you start speeding the tempo up, you'll see that fast tempos will be easier to play because you're focus is more developed. Concentration is a huge part of playing in time, and with other people. In learning an instrument, there are so many things your mind needs to focus on, and by slowing things down, you are allowing your mind to be there with your body throughout the process. Take the time to develop your focus, and your musicianship will increase tremendously.
Thanks for reading this article, and please leave a comment if you enjoyed it. If you’re interested in taking private banjo or guitar lessons, click here and sign up for a free 30 minute trial lesson.
Ready to learn from me immediately? I’ve released my Practice Strategy Checklist for Bluegrass Banjo! If you want to take your banjo playing to the next level, get “unstuck” from looking at tabs, and start sounding like a pro, this checklist is perfect for you.
Its true - you can practice anywhere with no instrument! These are 5 things that you can do without your instrument to supplement your hands-on practice time to progress at least twice as fast.
1. Actively Listen to Music
I’m sure you’ve heard this over and over again from teachers, online, at workshops, etc., but it’s probably the most important thing you can do when learning how to play an instrument. Listening to music is good, but actively listening takes your experience to a whole new level.
Actively listening is taking song that you enjoy, are interested in, or want to learn, and listening to it on repeat, with no distractions. NO DISTRACTIONS. This means sitting down or standing up, preferably with headphones on, and concentrating fully on the music. You aren’t walking around, on Facebook, or thinking about what you have to do in 30 minutes. Be in the present moment, fully taking in what your ears are hearing. It’s kind of like meditation.
The goal is to be able to hear things in recordings that don’t pop out to the untrained ear...to get to a deeper level of hearing. This requires a lot of repeated listening, or listening to the same song over and over again. Focus on a different instrument each time. Listen to how they solo. Do they play long, extended phrases that go on for almost the entire solo(Adam Steffey is really good at this), or do they play in shorter phrases? How is their playing different from other musicians on the same instrument?
These are just a few of many questions to reflect on prior to listening. The active listening technique allows you to grow as a critic and student, and is the absolute best way for you to learn about different styles, find your favorite musicians, and train your ears to recognize and pick up tunes faster when you actually are sitting down to practice with your instrument or at a jam session.
Visualization is incredibly important to becoming a better player. I’m talking about seeing images and hearing music in your mind. There is science to prove that musicians that use imagery and hands on practice with an instrument improve at a much faster rate than musicians that just practice with their instrument.
Close your eyes, and imagine your instrument - lets use a banjo for example(since thats what I play :)). See the instrument resting in your lap, with brand new strings on it and the whole thing is just glowing, ready to be played. Choose a song to play. Now slowly play the song. See your left hand fingering the correct spots on the fretboard, and hear the song being played. Do the entire song, then open your eyes.
Visualization is a practice that can be applied to any instrument, song, or technique that you want more clarity on.
Don’t let this intimidate you.. You don’t actually have to know how to sing, although you’ll probably get more gigs that way ;). You may have heard the phrase, “If you can sing it, you can play it.” This saying is so right, and it ties in with #1(Active Listening). The more melodies you can sing from memory, the faster you will develop your improvisation skills.
I’ll say it one more time:
The more melodies you can sing from memory, the faster you will develop your improvisation skills.
No joke - if you can sing “Fisher’s Hornpipe” from memory and in tempo, you’ll be able to play it better on your instrument than you would without being able to sing it, because you won’t be solely relying on muscle memory. You’re involving your ears, which is something that people learning from tab are missing. You are also laying the foundation for improvisation, because the more songs you memorize and sing, the more you are internalizing the music on a deep level. It’s kind of like putting all of these melodies in a big pot in your mind and heart, and they are just slow cooking there, while you’re adding more and more ingredients(songs, licks), until it’s time for them to be put to use. You could also look at it as developing your musical intuition, which is closely related to improvisation. You don’t have time to think when you’re improvising, so the music needs to be there, ready to come out.
The more that you immerse your ears and mind in music, the quicker you’ll develop essential connections in your mind to allow you to play by memory, improvise, and play at a much higher level.
What does one do to quickly learn a language? They place themselves around people that speak that language! This is totally true for becoming a better musician. The more music you listen to recordings, go to shows, and play with more advanced musicians, the better you will become. It’s all about immersion.
Meditation puts you into a state that is incredibly similar to what happens when you improvise. When you do get around to improvising, you want to be able to flip a switch to have a clear mind, without those distracting thoughts. Also, being present allows you to focus on any tension you may have in your body and relax it.
I recommend meditating in the morning after you wake up, or right before you go to bed. If you’re new to it, it may help to put on a guided meditation, or some peaceful music. Don’t get frustrated if you feel like you aren’t progressing. It takes time, and practice, and you can’t force the results. It will happen at the right moment.
You’re probably saying, “Seriously, this guy thinks exercising is going to help me shred like Yngwie?”
Well, I don’t know about that, but I do know that you have to move your body to live, and you also have to move to play an instrument. You can’t have a well conditioned mind without a well conditioned body. It’s just not possible. The mind and the body can’t survive without each other, and when one part of the body is lacking in a certain area, it reflects the entire body, including the mind. To feel able to practice for longer periods, develop your focus, and overall be a happier musician, you need to move your body. It doesn’t have to be much, even 30 minutes a day is better than nothing.
Through moving, you are circulating your blood more, which transports oxygen, nutrients, and information all around your body. This information is necessary to have efficient communication between body parts, which, of course, is crucial to being able to play without effort or tension.
I help individuals become better people through studying music. If you’re interested in working with me on banjo or guitar, click here and sign up for a free 30 minute trial lesson.
Ready to learn from me now? I’ve released my Practice Strategy Checklist for Bluegrass Banjo! If you want to take your banjo playing to the next level, get “unstuck” from looking at tabs, and start sounding like a pro, this checklist is perfect for you.